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Timeline: BSR and CSR Milestones

2012

  • BSR celebrates its 20th anniversary

2011

  • BSR opens office in São Paulo
  • GRI begins to develop G4 guidelines
  • UN adopts Guiding Principles on Human Rights
  • Earthquake and tsunami strike Japan, causing the worst nuclear emergency since Chernobyl

2010

  • International Integrated Reporting Committee begins deliberations
  • ISO 26000 provides guidance on social responsibility
  • U.S. Congress passes Dodd-Frank Act, with mandate on conflict minerals disclosure
  • U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission mandates corporate climate change disclosure
  • Deepwater Horizon explodes, spilling an estimated 185 million gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico

2009

  • COP15 UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen ends without global agreement

2008

  • Global Network Initiative formed
  • China’s State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC) issues CSR guidelines
  • Lehman Brothers collapse precipitates “Great Recession”

2007

  • BSR opens Beijing and New York offices
  • U.S. Climate Action Partnership established
  • “An Inconvenient Truth” wins Academy Award

2006

  • UN Principles for Responsible Investment created
  • Masdar “eco-city” initiated

2005

  • BSR elects Mats Lederhausen as board chair
  • BSR opens first office in mainland China (Guangzhou)
  • GE CEO Jeff Immelt delivers “Green is Green” speech in Washington
  • Walmart CEO Lee Scott delivers “21st Century Leadership” speech with focus on sustainability
  • EU Emissions Trading Scheme launches
  • Hurricane Katrina hits New Orleans

2004

  • BSR selects Aron Cramer as CEO

2002

  • BSR opens Paris office
  • Extractives Industry Transparency Initiative launches
  • France mandates large company reporting on social and environmental performance

2001

  • BSR opens Hong Kong office
  • European Commission publishes "green paper" on CSR
  • Enron scandal prompts subsequent regulation (Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002)

2000

  • UN Global Compact created
  • Millennium Development Goals adopted
  • Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights formed

1999

  • Protestors storm WTO in “Battle for Seattle”
  • Dow Jones Sustainability Index begins

1998

  • The GHG Protocol formed by the World Resources Institute and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development

1997

  • BSR website goes live
  • BP’s John Browne calls for climate change action in Stanford Graduate School of Business speech
  • Global Reporting Initiative launches
  • Forum EMPRESA established
  • Kyoto Protocol adopted
  • Toyota unveils the Prius

1996

  • First independent monitoring of labor conditions by NGOs, in El Salvador

1995

  • The United Nations Environmental Programme gives the Body Shop Values Report its highest ranking in review of international corporate environmental reports
  • Greenpeace activists occupy Brent Spar oil rig to protest planned dumping in the North Sea

1994

  • Bob Dunn selected as BSR President and CEO
  • BSR moves headquarters from Washington, D.C., to San Francisco

1993

  • First BSR Conference (Washington, D.C.)

1992

  • BSR founded
  • World Business Council for Sustainable Development created
  • Rio Earth Summit