Climate change and human rights are intimately connected. The impacts of climate change undermine the realization of a range of internationally recognized human rights, including those dealing with life, health, food, adequate standard of living, housing, property, and water. The absence of adequate protection for human rights—particularly those that provide access to information, right to public participation in decision-making, and access to remedy—exacerbates vulnerability to climate impacts, magnifying the risk faced by the marginalized communities who are disproportionately impacted by climate change.

This paper demonstrates why and how business can act, including how to establish a deeper understanding of the nexus of climate change and human rights throughout the company as well as how businesses across sectors can articulate their risk and opportunities. It proposes operational principles to help companies identify, assess, prevent, mitigate, and remedy adverse climate change and human rights impacts.  

This report is part of a series of six climate nexus reports that cover human rights, inclusive economy, women’s empowerment, supply chain, just transition, and health.

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